Characterization of bioactive compounds of Annona cherimola L. leaves using a combined approach based on HPLC-ESI-TOF-MS and NMR

TitleCharacterization of bioactive compounds of Annona cherimola L. leaves using a combined approach based on HPLC-ESI-TOF-MS and NMR
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsDíaz-de-Cerio E, Aguilera-Saez LManuel, Gómez-Caravaca AMaría, Verardo V, Fernández-Gutiérrez A, Fernandez I, Arráez-Román D
JournalAnalytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Volume410
Pagination3607–3619
Date PublishedJun
ISSN1618-2650
Abstract

Annona cherimola Mill. (cherimoya) has widely been used as food crop. The leaves of this tree possess several health benefits, which are, in general, attributed mainly to its bioactive composition. However, literature concerning a comprehensive characterization based on a combined approach, which consists of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with time-of-flight mass spectrometry (HPLC-TOF-MS), from these leaves is scarce. Thus, the aim of this work was to study the polar profile of full extracts of cherimoya leaves by using these tools. Thus, a total of 77 compounds have been characterized, 12 of which were identified by both techniques. Briefly, 23 compounds were classified as amino acids, organic acids, carbohydrates, cholines, phenolic acid derivatives, and flavonoids by NMR, while 66 metabolites were divided into sugars, amino acids, phenolic acids and derivatives, flavonoids, phenylpropanoids, and other polar compounds by HPLC-TOF-MS. It is worth mentioning that different solvent mixtures were tested and the total phenolic content in the extracts quantified (TPC via HPLC-TOF-MS). The tendency observed was EtOH/water 80/20 (v/v) (17.0þinspace}±þinspace}0.2 mg TPC/g leaf dry weight (d.w.))þinspace}≥þinspace}acetone/water 70/30 (v/v) (16.1þinspace}±þinspace}0.7 mg TPC/g leaf d.w.)þinspace}>þinspace}EtOH/water 70/30 (v/v) (14.0þinspace}±þinspace}0.3 mg TPC/g leaf d.w.)þinspace}>þinspace}acetone/water 80/20 (v/v) (13.5þinspace}±þinspace}0.4 mg TPC/g leaf d.w.). Importantly, flavonoids derivatives were between 63 and 76{%} of the TPC in those extracts. Major compounds were sucrose, glucose ($\alpha$ and $\beta$), and proline, and chlorogenic acid and rutin for NMR and HPLC-TOF-MS, respectively.

URLhttps://doi.org/10.1007/s00216-018-1051-5
DOI10.1007/s00216-018-1051-5
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